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Kidney stones

Kidney stones

Urinary and kidney stones are very unpleasant diseases. Late diagnosis often leads to very painful symptoms and invasive and expensive treatment, which can significantly worsen the patient's quality of life. Stones (concrements) can form anywhere in the urinary tract. Most often they occur in the kidneys, then in the ureters and bladder. They consist of substances (salts, minerals) that are usually soluble in urine, but in some circumstances they crystallize and gradually turn into an insoluble concretion. There are several types of stones, according to the main building component. The most common are calcium oxalate, urate, struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) concrements, infectious concrements, on the other hand cystine and xanthine stones are rare. Urolithiasis affects about 4% of the population in the Czechia,of which two to three times more often men than women .

Using a special Kidney stone Analysis package, it is possible to quickly and easily analyze a wide range of stones(preferably with by FT-IR transmission spectroscopy using KBr tablets), determine their cause and suggest possible therapies, including a diet suitable for the patient.

A hand-held LIBS spectrometer is also available for qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis of kidney stone composition (it quantifies elements such as P, S, Si, Ti, and Zn in stones without problems, as well as carcinogenic elements such as chromium, cadmium, lead, or vanadium). From the results it is then possible to calculate e.g. the ratio of hydrogen and carbon content, which can then be advantageously used as an indicator of the type and amount of organic compounds.

The Nicolet iN10 is a revolutionary Fourier transform infrared microscope that offers the simplicity of an FT-IR spectrometer along with the ability to measure samples down to several micrometers in size. It has been developed specifically for analysts, technicians and scientists who know exactly what information they want but do not have time to become a microscopy specialist, and for experts looking for better answers in a faster way.
Nicolet iS5 = Portability + precise scientific measurement parameters The Nicolet iS5 FT-IR spectrometer is a small, easy-to-operate, reliable and low-maintenance infrared spectrometer that makes FT-IR spectroscopy accessible to all users, not just spectroscopic professionals. The high reliability of the individual components of the device makes it almost indestructible and significantly reduces the cost of its operation.
In the last decade, thousands and thousands of users have set the Nicolet iS10 FTIR spectrometer as the new, high standard for laboratory infrared spectrometers. Now its successor, the Nicolet iS20 FTIR spectrometer, is raising the innovative bar to the next level!
The Nicolet iS50is the first scientific one-touch FT-IR spectrometer. Based on extensive experience with previous successful Magna, Nexus and Nicolet X700 scientific systems, a new FT-IR spectrometer has been developed which, thanks to a wide range of measuring accessories and interconnected analytical software, delivers a universal material analysis system with unrivaled ease of use.
Inserting the SurveyIR accessory into the sample compartment of the spectrometer allows the acquisition of high quality data in combination with the image documentation of the samples.
The Nicolet iN10 MX infrared microscope brings all the advantages of the Nicolet iN10. Up to three integrated detectors are a new option, including the patented MCT-A imaging detector. Infrared imaging brings revolutionary spectra and map measurements.

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